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如何掌握比其他人都快的学习速度?

How many times have you tried to learn something new but ended up quitting before you made any real progress? If you have, don’t feel too bad about it, as struggling to master a new skill is certainly no walk in the park. Most people find it hard to remember what they’ve learned, which inevitably makes their learning slow and painful.
有多少次你尝试学习新的东西,但最终在你取得任何实质性进展之前就放弃了?如果你有,不要太难过,因为努力掌握一项新技能肯定不是在公园散步。大多数人发现很难记住他们所学的东西,这不可避免地使他们的学习变得缓慢和痛苦。

However, if you’d love to learn but find it difficult, then you’ve come to the right place. In this guide, you’ll find dozens of proven techniques for learning anything fast.

然而,如果你喜欢学习,但发现很难,那么你来对地方了。在本指南中,您将找到几十种经过验证的快速学习任何东西的技术。

So read on and discover how to become a super learner.

因此,继续读下去,并发现如何成为一个超级学习者。

Why Aren’t You Learning Fast?

你为什么学得不快?

Years of observing people at college and at work have led us to discover three specific reasons why many people are unable to learn quickly and efficiently. See if you can spot yourself in any or all of these learning blockers:

多年来在大学和工作中对人们的观察使我们发现了为什么许多人不能快速有效地学习的三个具体原因。看看你是否能发现自己在任何或所有这些学习障碍中:

1. Struggle to Kickstart Learning Something From Scratch

努力从零开始学习

As you’ve probably experienced yourself, sometimes when wanting to learn something new you find yourself not knowing where to start.

正如你可能经历过的那样,有时候当你想要学习一些新东西的时候,你会发现自己不知道从哪里开始。

For example, you might have wanted to learn how to play chess, but didn’t know the best way to do this. And because you didn’t know the best way, you either didn’t bother trying to learn the classic, 2-player strategy game, or you tried learning from multiple sources at the same time: books, videos, friends and family members.

例如,您可能想学习如何下国际象棋,但不知道最好的方法。因为你不知道最好的方法,所以你要么不去尝试学习经典的双人战略游戏,要么尝试同时从多个来源学习: 书籍、视频、朋友和家人。

The problem with this scattered approach is that you will find it hard to focus and you’ll inevitably be given conflicting advice — which is unhelpful when you’re starting out.

这种分散方法的问题在于,你会发现很难集中注意力,而且不可避免地会得到相互矛盾的建议ーー当你刚开始时,这些建议毫无帮助。

The other problem is that by consulting books and asking friends for help, you might find that you’re not getting the latest information. For instance, your friends might not be aware of some of the amazing computer chess learning programs that are available online.

另一个问题是,通过查阅书籍和向朋友寻求帮助,你可能会发现你没有得到最新的信息。例如,你的朋友可能不知道一些神奇的计算机国际象棋学习程序,这些程序可以在网上找到。

2. Struggle to Recall What You’ve Learned

2. 努力回忆你学过的东西

Think back for a moment to when you were at school. I’m sure there were endless times when you were taught things by teachers only for you to forget the information within weeks, days or even minutes!

回想一下你在学校的时候。我相信有无数次老师教你的东西只是为了让你在几周、几天甚至几分钟内忘记这些信息!

And of course, this problem continues from education into the workplace. How many times have you been in meetings where important things have been said, only for half the attendees to forget the details soon after the meeting concluded.

当然,这个问题从教育延续到工作场所。你参加过多少次重要的会议,只有一半的与会者在会议结束后很快就忘记了细节。

With these types of negative life experiences, it’s no wonder that as people get older they are less willing to try learning new things.

有了这些负面的生活经历,难怪人们随着年龄的增长,越来越不愿意尝试学习新事物。

3. Struggle to Put What You’ve Learned Into Practice

3. 努力将所学付诸实践

This is certainly one of the most common reasons for people failing to learn new things. They spend all their time learning theory; but never put anything into practice.

这当然是人们不能学习新事物的最常见的原因之一。他们把所有的时间都花在学习理论上,却从不把任何东西付诸实践。

For example, consider for a moment how people learn to ride a bicycle.

例如,想一想人们是如何学会骑自行车的。

In most cases, a parent or elder sibling would tell you the steps you need to take to successfully get on and begin riding a bike. However, it’s only when you attempt to ride a bike for the first time that the real learning begins!

在大多数情况下,父母或哥哥姐姐会告诉你成功上车和开始骑自行车所需的步骤。然而,只有当你第一次尝试骑自行车时,真正的学习才开始!

It’s the same with most things. However many tutorial videos you watch on a certain subject, until you start to do the thing you want to learn, you’ll struggle to make any real progress.

大多数东西都是这样。无论你看了多少关于某个主题的教程视频,直到你开始做你想学的东西,你都很难取得任何真正的进步。

4. Get Overwhelmed When Learning A Lot Of Difficult Things

学习很多困难的东西时会感到不知所措

The wrong teacher or course can quickly dampen your enthusiasm for learning something new. This is especially the case if they make something overly complex at the start.

错误的老师或课程会很快降低你学习新东西的热情。如果他们一开始就把事情做得过于复杂,情况就更是如此。

Take learning a new language, for instance.

以学习一门新语言为例。

If all a teacher did was force you to learn grammar rules for weeks on end, you would no doubt call a halt to your learning. However, if they made learning the new language fun and immersive, you would not only want to keep learning, but you’d grow your confidence too. And of course, you could still gradually learn the required grammar and vocabulary.

如果老师只是强迫你连续几周学习语法规则,你无疑会叫停你的学习。然而,如果他们让学习新语言变得有趣和身临其境,你不仅会想要继续学习,而且会增强你的自信心。当然,你仍然可以逐渐学习所需的语法和词汇。

5. Can’t Seem To Learn It No Matter How Hard You Work

5. 无论你多么努力,似乎都学不会

From time to time you may have thought to yourself: “No matter how hard I practice or revise, I still don’t learn well.”

你可能会时不时地对自己说: “不管我多么努力地练习或复习,我还是学不好。”

This is a very common problem.

这是一个非常普遍的问题。

Unfortunately, many people make the problem worse by putting more and more effort and practice into what they’re trying to learn. This is actually counterproductive, as — without an effective approach to learning — time and effort alone will not be enough for you to succeed.

不幸的是,许多人把越来越多的努力和实践投入到他们正在努力学习的东西中,使问题变得更糟。这实际上是适得其反的,因为ーー如果没有有效的学习方法ーー单靠时间和努力是不足以让你成功的。

The good news is there are tried-and-tested ways to learn quickly and effectively. I call this approach ‘smart learning’. Let’s look now at what it’s all about and how you can start using it in your life right now.

好消息是,有一些经过实践检验的方法可以快速有效地学习。我把这种方法称为“聪明学习”。现在让我们来看看它的全部意义,以及你现在如何开始在生活中使用它。

Understand the Different Learning Styles

了解不同的学习风格

Different people learn differently. Some like to be shown how to do something, others learn better by reading about their chosen topic.

不同的人学习的方式不同。有些人喜欢被展示如何做某事,有些人通过阅读他们选择的主题学得更好。

While Vanderbilt University recognizes more than 70 different learning styles, there are actually just 4 main styles that you need to be aware of:

虽然范德堡大学认可超过70种不同的学习风格,但实际上只有4种主要的学习风格是你需要注意的:

1. Visual (Spatial) Learning Style

1. 视觉(空间)学习风格

The visual learning style is best suited to individuals who like to watch videos and like to see presentations that are embedded with pictures, charts and graphs.

视觉学习风格最适合那些喜欢看视频、喜欢看嵌有图片、图表和图表的演示文稿的人。

They are learners who learn best by seeing (e.g. through photos, video or PowerPoint presentations).

他们是通过观看(例如通过照片、视频或 PowerPoint 演示文稿)学习效果最好的学习者。

2. Auditory (Aural) Learning Style

2. 听觉(听觉)学习风格

The auditory learning style is best suited to individuals who like to listen to lectures and audio books. These learners find it easy to learn what they hear.

听觉学习方式最适合那些喜欢听讲座和有声读物的人。这些学习者发现学习他们所听到的很容易。

These are learners who learn best by hearing (e.g. through podcasts and audiobooks).

这些学习者通过听力学得最好(例如通过播客和有声读物)。

3. Reading/Writing Learning Style

3. 阅读/写作学习风格

The reading/writing learning style is best suited to — as you’d expect — people who enjoy reading and writing. That’s because the words they read and write become easily imprinted on their minds.

正如你所期望的那样,阅读/写作学习风格最适合那些喜欢阅读和写作的人。这是因为他们读和写的单词很容易印在他们的头脑中。

These learners learn best by reading and writing (e.g. through books, magazines and websites).

这些学习者最好通过阅读和写作来学习(例如通过书籍、杂志和网站)。

4. Kinesthetic (Physical) Learning Style

4. 运动(身体)学习风格

The kinesthetic learning style is best suited to people who like to get “hands on.”

动觉学习风格最适合那些喜欢“亲自动手”的人

They are learners who learn best by moving and doing (e.g. starting to learn to drive by getting behind the wheel).

他们是通过行动和实践(例如通过驾驶开始学习驾驶)来学习的最好的学习者。

Understand the Stages of Learning

了解学习的各个阶段

The 3 Stages of Learning That Help You Learn Effectively: From the moment we’re born, we’ve been learning new things every day. And without consciously thinking about it, we’ve used at least one of the three stages of learning to gain knowledge and skills. The three stages of learning are:

学习的三个阶段有助于你有效地学习: 从我们出生的那一刻起,我们每天都在学习新的东西。我们没有有意识地思考这个问题,我们至少使用了三个学习阶段中的一个来获得知识和技能。学习的三个阶段是:

Stage 1: Cognitive Learning

第一阶段: 认知学习

This style of learning encourages students to use their brains more effectively, by fully engaging in the learning process. For example, a student learning to dance will need constant support from their tutor to show and tell them what they need to do.

这种学习方式鼓励学生更有效地利用他们的大脑,通过充分参与学习过程。例如,一个学习跳舞的学生将需要他们的导师不断的支持,以显示和告诉他们他们需要做什么。

Stage 2: Associative Learning

第二阶段: 联想学习

This style of learning happens when two unrelated elements (e.g. ideas, behaviors, sights and sounds) connect in our brains through a mental process known as conditioning. The student dancer has now begun to understand the skills they need and they are starting to see some consistency in their performance.

这种学习方式发生在两个不相关的元素(如想法、行为、视觉和声音)通过一种叫做条件作用的心理过程在我们的大脑中相连接的时候。学生舞者现在已经开始了解他们所需要的技能,他们开始看到他们表演中的一些连贯性。

Stage 3: Autonomous Learning

第三阶段: 自主学习

This style of learning allows learners to gain knowledge through independent efforts and to develop an ability to inquire and evaluate without the need for teachers and mentors.

这种学习方式使学习者能够通过独立的努力获得知识,并培养不需要老师和导师就能进行询问和评估的能力。

The student has now become a proficient dancer, and they are able to perform skills with accuracy and consistency. They are also able to concentrate on complex tasks and they have the ability to adapt their performance where needed.

学生现在已经成为一个熟练的舞蹈家,他们能够准确和一致地表演技能。他们还能够专注于复杂的任务,并有能力根据需要调整自己的业绩。

This workbook will help you understand the stages of learning and your current stage of learning, enabling you to improve the way you learn and master the skills you want.

这本工作手册将帮助您了解学习的阶段和您目前的学习阶段,使您能够改善您的学习方式和掌握您想要的技能。

Active Learning

积极学习

Once you’ve decided on what you want to learn, discovered your learning style and understood the different learning stages, you’ll be ready to move into active learning.

一旦你决定了自己想学什么,发现了自己的学习方式,了解了不同的学习阶段,你就可以开始主动学习了。

This is where you engage in both practical and theoretical learning, putting you in the best possible position for learning rapidly and successfully.

这就是你参与实践和理论学习的地方,让你处于尽可能快速和成功学习的最佳位置。

Let me give you an example to illustrate this process in action:

让我举一个例子来说明这一进程的实际情况:

You want to learn how to play drums, perhaps for fun, perhaps as a potential career — or perhaps both!

你想学习如何打鼓,也许是为了好玩,也许是作为一个潜在的职业ーー或者两者兼而有之!

Whether you choose to work with a personal drum tutor or learn from books and videos, the key element will be to have access to a drum kit so you can regularly practice and develop your drumming skills. This kit could be in your home or it might be in a rehearsal space that you have access to once or twice a week.

无论你是选择与个人鼓导师合作,还是从书籍和视频中学习,关键因素将是有机会获得一套鼓,这样你就可以定期练习和发展你的鼓技能。这个工具箱可以放在你家里,也可以放在排练室里,你每周可以使用一到两次。

Theory plus practical application is a powerful combination that will help you develop your skills and knowledge in the quickest possible time, whether this is drumming, coding or swimming, etc.

理论加上实际应用是一个强有力的组合,可以帮助你在最短的时间内发展你的技能和知识,无论这是鼓,编码或游泳等。

Of course, with the advent of YouTube and online courses, many people nowadays choose to self-learn. This has the benefit of being cheaper and on-demand. In other words, you can learn when and where you want to, rather than having to go to a specific place at a specific time.

当然,随着 YouTube 和在线课程的出现,现在很多人选择自学。这样做的好处是价格更便宜,而且可以随需应变。换句话说,你可以学习你想要的时间和地点,而不是必须在特定的时间去特定的地点。

This gives you freedom to learn new things without impacting on your current work and social schedules.

这给了你学习新事物的自由,而不会影响你当前的工作和社交时间表。

Our article 9 Remote Learning Tips for Efficient Learning will help you to get started.

我们的文章9远程学习有效学习技巧将帮助您开始。

If you do choose self-learning, try to at least find a knowledgeable friend to buddy up to ensure that you’re on the right track. For instance, if you’re thinking of taking an online Spanish language class; try to take advantage of any Spanish-speaking friends to test out your conversational skills.

如果你选择自学,至少试着找一个知识渊博的朋友来确保你走在正确的道路上。例如,如果你正在考虑参加一个在线西班牙语课程,试着利用任何讲西班牙语的朋友来测试你的会话技巧。

For inspiration on what new things to learn — including advice on finding your life purpose — check out our helpful article: 7 Powerful Questions To Find Out What You Want To Do With Your Life

想要获得新知识的灵感ーー包括找到你的人生目标的建议ーー请参考我们的有益文章: 7个有力的问题来找出你的人生目标

How To Learn Faster

如何快速学习

1. Digital Brain

1. 数码大脑

Did you know that beyond your physical brain, there is a second brain you can call upon? It’s called the Digital Brain. If you’re unfamiliar with the term, then let me give you a quick overview of what exactly a Digital Brain is.

你知道在你的物理大脑之外,还有另一个大脑你可以使用吗?它叫做数字大脑。如果你不熟悉这个术语,那么让我给你一个数字大脑的概述。

Put simply, a Digital Brain is an app or a piece of software that allows you to quickly record and recall information.

简单地说,数字大脑是一个应用程序或一个软件,可以让你快速记录和回忆信息。

I’m sure you’ll be familiar with some of these popular Digital Brain tools:

我相信你一定很熟悉这些流行的数字大脑工具:

  • Airtable
  • 气垫舱
  • Apple Notes
  • 苹果笔记
  • Evernote
  • 印象笔记
  • Google Keep
  • Pocket
  • 口袋里

Instead of relying on your memory when learning something new, you can instead turn the information over to your Digital Brain, thus freeing up your mind for other tasks and relieving yourself of the stress of trying to remember everything. To give you an example of this, instead of trying to remember the forecasted weather for the week, you could quickly and easily check this info on your phone, tablet or laptop.

在学习新东西的时候,你可以不依赖记忆,而是把信息转移到你的数字大脑,这样你的大脑就可以腾出时间来做其他任务,从而减轻自己试图记住所有东西的压力。举个例子,你可以在手机、平板电脑或笔记本电脑上快速轻松地查看这些信息,而不是试图记住一周的天气预报。

In this guide, you’ll learn how to make room in your brain for memories, learning and creativity.

在本指南中,你将学习如何在大脑中为记忆、学习和创造力腾出空间。

2. Spaced Repetition

间隔重复

As you’ll read if you click through to this article, Spaced Repetition works like this: The more often you encounter certain bits of info, the less often you’ll need to refresh your memory of it. Sounds simple? That’s because it is!

如果你点击阅读这篇文章,你会发现间隔重复的工作原理是这样的: 你越经常遇到某些信息,你就越少需要刷新你的记忆。听起来很简单?因为就是这样!

However, the Spaced Repetition technique lays out a specific map for when and how to take in new information. I’ve used this technique for years, and I can definitely testify to its effectiveness.

然而,间隔重复技术为何时以及如何吸收新信息制定了一个具体的地图。我已经使用这个技术很多年了,我可以肯定地证明它的有效性。

Here are the key steps of Spaced Repetition:

以下是间隔重复的关键步骤:

  1. Review Your Notes — Within 24 hours of your initial intake of information, write down notes and then review them. During the reviewing session, read your notes, but then look away and try to recall the most important points.
  2. 回顾你的笔记ーー在你最初接受信息的24小时内,写下笔记,然后回顾它们。在复习过程中,阅读你的笔记,然后把目光移开,试着回忆最重要的几点。
  3. Recall the Information for the First Time — After a day, try to recall the information with minimal reading of your notes. You might also want to try recalling the information when you’re taking a walk or sitting down and relaxing.
  4. 第一次回忆信息ーー一天之后,尽量少读笔记,回忆信息。当你散步或者坐下来放松的时候,你也可以尝试回忆这些信息。
  5. Recall the Material Again — Next, recall the information every 24-36 hours over the course of several days. These don’t have to be lengthy recalls, instead you could do it while standing in a queue for a latte or when walking your dog. You are still free to look at your notes, but you should only do this if absolutely necessary.
  6. 再次回忆材料ーー接下来,在几天的课程中,每隔24-36小时回忆一次材料。这些不必是冗长的召回,相反,你可以在排队喝拿铁或遛狗的时候做。您仍然可以自由地查看笔记,但只有在绝对必要的情况下才应该这样做。
  7. Study It All Over Again — After several days have passed since you first tried to learn the information, take out your material and study it all over again. This will allow your brain to reprocess concepts and will cement the information into your mind.
  8. 重新学习ーー从你第一次尝试学习这些知识到现在已经过去好几天了,拿出你的材料重新学习一遍。这将允许你的大脑重新处理概念,并将信息巩固到你的头脑。

Spaced Repetition can genuinely make a difference in your ability to learn quickly. In fact, I would go so far as to say it can be the difference between failure and success.

间隔重复可以真正改变你快速学习的能力。事实上,我甚至可以说失败和成功之间的区别。

3. Deliberate Practice

三、刻意练习

Deliberate Practice is a technique of breaking down the skill you want to acquire into separate components so you master each individual part of the skill. This technique shuns the idea of practicing something needlessly over and over again.

深思熟虑的练习是一种将你想要获得的技能分解成单独的部分的技术,这样你就能掌握技能的每一个部分。这种技巧避免了一遍又一遍地练习一些不必要的东西的想法。

Imagine for a moment that you want to start your own podcast. Deliberate Practice would mean breaking down the skills of podcasting into different sections.

想象一下,你想开始你自己的播客。深思熟虑的练习意味着将播客技巧分解成不同的部分。

For example, you might need to spend time learning the technical aspects. After that you might want to work on your content and your vocal delivery. And if you’re interested in growing the audience for your podcast, you’ll need to learn some basic marketing skills.

例如,您可能需要花时间学习技术方面的知识。在那之后,你可能想要在你的内容和声音表达工作。如果你有兴趣为你的播客增加听众,你需要学习一些基本的营销技巧。

If you tried to learn all of the above in one go, you’d probably end up confused and demotivated. However, if you learn one thing a day, you could quickly begin to master all the skills you needed to be a popular podcaster.

如果你试图一口气学会以上所有的东西,你可能最终会感到困惑和失去动力。然而,如果你每天学习一件事情,你可以很快开始掌握所有的技能,你需要成为一个受欢迎的播客。

To make Deliberate Practice easy to adopt, just do the following when you want to learn something new:

为了让深思熟虑的练习更容易接受,当你想学习新东西的时候,只需要做以下几件事:

  1. Break the information down into small, manageable chunks
  2. 将信息分解成小的、可管理的块
  3. Create a learning schedule
  4. 制定学习计划
  5. Get a mentor or coach
  6. 找个导师或教练
  7. Continually seek feedback
  8. 不断寻求反馈

As someone who has used Deliberate Practice for many years, I can confidently say it’s a fantastic way to accelerate your learning.

作为一个使用深思熟虑练习多年的人,我可以自信地说,这是一个极好的方式来加速你的学习。

Check out the articles below for more information on this important topic:

你可浏览以下文章,了解更多有关这个重要课题的资料:

4. Feedback Loop

4. 反馈回路

One of the best ways of learning fast and mastering any skill you want is to use a little-known technique called a Feedback Loop — a process whereby a learner gathers information about their performance and leverages it to optimize the quality of their learning style or methods.

快速学习和掌握任何你想要的技能的最好方法之一是使用一种鲜为人知的技术,称为反馈回路(Feedback Loop) ,这是一个学习者收集有关自己表现的信息,并利用这些信息优化自己学习风格或方法的质量的过程。

A Feedback Loop is made up of three stages:

反馈回路由三个阶段组成:

  1. Practice/Apply – This is the stage where you put what you want to learn into action.
  2. 练习/应用——这是你把你想学的东西付诸行动的阶段。
  3. Measure – This is the stage where you’re acquiring information about your performance. This is also the stage that learners typically ignore or do ineffectively.
  4. 测量——这是你获取关于你表现的信息的阶段。这也是学习者通常忽视或无法有效完成的阶段。
  5. Learn – This is the stage where you analyze how well you performed, and make adjustments to improve and practice/apply again.
  6. 学习——在这个阶段,你要分析自己的表现如何,然后做出调整以改进,再次练习/应用。

Feedback Loops can make a significant and positive difference to how you learn. It might be just what you need to turn your learning failures into successes!

反馈循环可以对你的学习方式产生重大而积极的影响。它可能正是你将学习失败转化为成功所需要的东西!

5. Brain Supplements

5. 大脑补充剂

Are you aware that there are certain nutritional supplements that can improve your memory and boost your brain power?

你是否意识到有一些营养补充剂可以改善你的记忆力和增强你的脑力?

Let’s look at a handful of these supplements now.

现在让我们来看一些这样的补品。

Panax Ginseng

人参

This herbal remedy has been used in around Asia and North America for centuries. It’s a herbal medicine that has been known to boost attention, memory and focus. In case you’re wondering, panax ginseng is also known as Asian ginseng, Chinese ginseng or Korean ginseng. It’s widely available as a supplement in health and well-being stores.

这种草药已经在亚洲和北美地区使用了几个世纪。这是一种草药,已知可以提高注意力,记忆力和注意力。如果你想知道,人参也被称为亚洲人参,中国人参或高丽人参。它作为一种保健品在健康商店里随处可见。

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Omega-3脂肪酸

The body requires a wide range of amino acids to support its physical metabolism of energy and balance of muscle mass. In terms of taking amino acids for boosting brain power, L-Tyrosine has been shown to be a cognitive enhancer due its effect on calming the system and how your brain reacts to stress.

身体需要大量的氨基酸来支持身体能量的新陈代谢和肌肉质量的平衡。就服用氨基酸来增强大脑能量而言,L- 酪氨酸已被证明是一种认知增强剂,因为它能使系统平静下来,并能使大脑对压力做出反应。

There are two types of Omega-3 fatty acids, DHA and EPA. These can be found in fish oil supplements (vegans can choose algae oil as an alternative).

Omega-3脂肪酸有两种,DHA 和 EPA。这些可以在鱼油补充剂中找到(纯素食者可以选择藻类油作为替代品)。

DHA and EPA help maintain the health of brain cells, as well as reducing brain inflammation and improving brain cell growth. Memory, reaction time and problem solving skills are all increased by taking a supplement containing abundant DHA and EPA.

DHA 和 EPA 有助于维持脑细胞的健康,减少脑部炎症,促进脑细胞生长。记忆力、反应时间和解决问题的能力都是通过服用含有丰富 DHA 和 EPA 的补充剂来提高的。

Amino Acids

氨基酸

The body requires a wide range of amino acids to support its physical metabolism of energy and balance of muscle mass. In terms of taking amino acids for boosting brain power, L-Tyrosine has been shown to be a cognitive enhancer due its effect on calming the system and how your brain reacts to stress.

身体需要大量的氨基酸来支持身体能量的新陈代谢和肌肉质量的平衡。就服用氨基酸来增强大脑能量而言,L- 酪氨酸已被证明是一种认知增强剂,因为它能使系统平静下来,并能使大脑对压力做出反应。

Fortunately, as L-Tyrosine is very bioavailable (highly absorbent in the body), only a tiny amount is needed to produce a strong effect. Another amino acid for you to consider is Acetyl-L-carnitine. Research has shown that people taking an Acetyl-L-carnitine supplement had increased focus and alertness. It can also help treat mild dementia or Alzheimer’s.

幸运的是,由于 L- 酪氨酸具有很强的生物可利用性(在体内具有很强的吸收性) ,只需要很少的量就可以产生很强的效果。另一种你需要考虑的氨基酸是乙酰肉碱。研究表明,服用乙酰肉碱补充剂的人注意力和警觉性都有所提高。它也可以帮助治疗轻度痴呆症或老年痴呆症。

Ginkgo Biloba

银杏叶

Believed to be almost 270 million years, this herbal supplement aids cognition by allowing more blood flow to move through the brain.

这种草药补充剂被认为有近2.7亿年的历史,通过允许更多的血液流经大脑来帮助认知。

Benefits of taking this herb include, improved focus, enhanced concentration, and a boost to memory power. One scientific study found that it could also benefit age-related cognitive decline symptoms in older populations.

服用这种草药的好处包括: 提高注意力,增强注意力,增强记忆力。一项科学研究发现,它也可能有益于老年人群中与年龄有关的认知能力下降症状。

Still unsure if supplements actually work? Check out this article: Do Memory Supplements Work?

仍然不确定补充剂是否真的有效? 看看这篇文章: 记忆补充剂有效吗?

6. Speed Reading

6. 速读

Whether reading on screen or on paper, most of us spend hours every day reading content. If you’re a slow reader, then you’ll be at a distinct disadvantage when it comes to learning something fast.

无论是在屏幕上阅读还是在纸上阅读,我们大多数人每天都要花几个小时来阅读内容。如果你是一个阅读速度慢的人,那么在快速学习方面你将处于明显的劣势。

Fortunately, there are some tried-and-tested techniques for speeding up both your reading and comprehension.

幸运的是,有一些经过实践检验的技巧可以加快你的阅读和理解速度。

Check out these techniques for starters:

为初学者检查一下这些技巧:

Stop The Inner Monologue

停止内心独白

Also known as subvocalization or silent speech, inner monologue is an extremely common trait among readers. It’s the process of speaking the words in your head as you read. It’s also the biggest obstacle preventing you from increasing your reading speed.

内心独白也被称为默读或无声言语,是读者的一个非常普遍的特点。这是你在阅读时在脑海中说出单词的过程。这也是阻碍你提高阅读速度的最大障碍。

Consider this: The average reading speed is similar to the average talking speed (around 300 words per minute). That’s because most people are in the habit of saying the words aloud in their head as they read. So, to read faster, you must break this habit.

想想这个: 平均阅读速度与平均说话速度相似(大约每分钟300字)。这是因为大多数人习惯于在阅读时在脑海中大声念出这些单词。所以,为了快速阅读,你必须改掉这个习惯。

You can do this by coming to the realization that you don’t need to say every word in your head in order to understand what you are reading. Try it and see. You’ll find that your brain still processes all the information it receives and you’ll be able to read significantly faster than before.

要做到这一点,你必须意识到,你不需要为了理解你正在阅读的内容而说出脑海中的每一个字。试试看。你会发现你的大脑仍然处理它所接收到的所有信息,你将能够比以前更快地阅读。

Skim The Main Points First

先浏览要点

If you’re reading a self-improvement book or researching a topic, one way to take in the information quicker is to scan through the material before reading it all the way through. This means reading the table of contents, the introduction, the first paragraph of each chapter, captions under diagrams, etc.

如果你正在阅读一本关于自我提升的书或者研究一个话题,一个快速获取信息的方法就是在全部阅读之前先浏览一遍材料。这意味着要阅读目录、导言、每章的第一段、图表下的标题等。

This will give you a good overall feel for the material, and will mean that you’ll be mentally prepared to read, learn and remember the content. You’ll also find that you can read through the material quicker than you would otherwise.

这将给你一个良好的整体感觉的材料,并将意味着你在精神上准备阅读,学习和记住的内容。你也会发现你可以比其他方式更快地阅读材料。

Read More

阅读更多

Slow readers tend to be infrequent readers. That’s because they find the process energy and time consuming. As the saying goes: Practice makes perfect!

阅读速度慢的人往往是阅读次数少的人。那是因为他们发现这个过程耗费能量和时间。俗话说: 熟能生巧!

When you commit to reading regularly (perhaps a book a month), then you’ll naturally find that your reading and comprehension skills improve. You’ll also enjoy reading and learning much more than before!

当你定期阅读(也许是一个月一本书) ,你会自然而然地发现你的阅读和理解能力得到了提高。你也会比以前更加享受阅读和学习的乐趣!

The above is just a taster of some of the techniques that you can easily adopt to boost your reading speed. If you want to learn more about this topic, take a look at these articles:

以上只是一些技巧的尝试,你可以很容易地采用,以提高你的阅读速度。如果你想了解更多关于这个主题的信息,可以看看这些文章:

The Importance of Continuous Learning

持续学习的重要性

It’s vital that you never stop learning.

永远不要停止学习,这很重要。

If you give up on learning new things, you’ll feel old and you life will be stale. Conversely, when you grow and expand your mind through learning, you’ll feel young and lively!

如果你放弃学习新事物,你会觉得自己老了,生活也会变得枯燥乏味。相反,当你通过学习成长和拓展你的思想时,你会感到年轻和活泼!

Continuous learning has other tangible benefits too. For example, if you work as a freelance website designer, you’ll have a competitive advantage by keeping up with the latest design software and applications.

持续学习还有其他实实在在的好处。例如,如果你作为一个自由职业者网站设计师,你将有一个竞争优势,通过跟上最新的设计软件和应用程序。

Whatever your age or current circumstances, learning new skills and increasing your knowledge will be uplifting and inspiring for you.

无论你的年龄或现状如何,学习新技能和增加知识都会让你振奋和鼓舞。

原文链接:https://nownexts.com/how-to-learn-quickly.html,转载请注明出处。
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